The and transcripts information. In eukaryotic cells, this

The
Central Dogma theory turns DNA into RNA which then makes protein. Central dogma
creates structure for genetic information to be coded and synthesized. This
process transfers genetic information through DNA to protein in a cell, which creates
a gene expression. The central dogma theory uses a process that translates and
transcripts information. In eukaryotic cells, this process takes place in the
nuclear membrane but, prokaryotic cells use their entire body to complete this
process. The Central dogma allows genetic information to undergo two stages in
order to produce protein.

            In a cell, DNA is transcribed in order to produce RNA. Deoxyribonucleic
acid also known as DNA goes through replication in order to replicate the
double stand of genetic instructions. DNA is composed of four nucleotides;
which are Adenine, Cytosine, Thymine, and Guanine. The nucleotides carry
instruction on how to make protein. Transcription begins when many factors bind
to the DNA strand to prepare the DNA for RNA transcription. The body creates
RNA, which then attach to the DNA templet using RNA polymerase. The RNA
synthesizes the DNA nucleotide with RNA nucleotide to create messenger RNA
(mRNA). The four nucleotides for mRNA are Adenine, Guanine, Cytosine, and
Uracil. Once the RNA polymerase gets to the end of gene the RNA transcript is
complete and the polymerase leaves the DNA strand. RNA is then spliced to
create an advanced RNA strand. RNA then leaves the nucleus and moves toward the
cytoplasm. The instructions from the DNA is copied in the RNA and is
synthesized to move into translation.

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            The process of translation allows RNA to be interpreted
to create proteins. RNA enters the cytoplasm and the bases are grouped in
threes called codons. The codons have a start codon and a stop codon. The
codons each have a genetic code that is used for certain amino acids, which
produce protein. Once the small ribosomal subunit binds to the codon the
transfer RNA tRNA bring the anticodon to connect with the codon. After the
anticodon and codon are connected the large ribosomal subunit binds to the
first codon in order to complete translation complex. Then, another ribosomal
subunit binds to the second codon and a peptide bind joins between the who
ribosomal subunits. This repeats until the subunit meets the stop codon. The
peptide bond becomes a peptide chain is released from the subunit, while
leaving the ribosomes as amino acids. This is how the protein amino acids are
created through the process of transcription of RNA.

            In conclusion, the central dogma codes genetic
information from DNA to RNA to Proteins. The process goes through these two
stages in order to insure correct formation of proteins. Although, central
dogma starts in the nucleus it makes it way out exploring the eukaryotic cells.
Transcription and translating is the genetic information taken from the DNA
strands, and making the information into protein. The central dogma completes
its processes and allows the gene information to be expressed through gene
expression. Therefor the central dogma is the vital process of protein
synthesis.