Plagiarism trustworthy. There is a competition going on

Plagiarism refers to use of someone
else’s study or ideas and to
pretend that it is your own.
The problem of plagiarism in scientific work is a serious and common issue
since many researches are not really aware of it. Plagiarism is a wide subject from simple dishonesty such as
minor copying to a more critical problem like the duplication of original work when
the researcher do copy-paste from actual source without giving appropriate
credit to the original source 1.Therefore,
it must be every researcher or writer’s one of the prior obligations that they
should know how to prevent any type of plagiarism in their work and make other
researchers be aware of the seriousness of the plagiarism.

There
are certain methods and processes in scientific research that can be stated as
follows: Specifying the research topics, the selection of scientific methods of
study, research design and data gathering, data processing and analysis, authoring
and publishing a scientific paper 2.
While following previous steps, researcher should also satisfy the ethical, moral
and legal criteria specified by the related scientific communities. Appropriate
citation of the other researchers’ work, whenever used by the author, must be
essential. The readers of the article must be guided such that all the
information and facts from other sources are frankly illustrated.

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It is
significant for a researcher to publish scientific work to advance in academic
field. While he/she publishes the study they also take the full responsibility
of it, more importantly, the published work becomes available as a further
reference source for other future studies. Furthermore, this work will be
considered as a contribution to whole development of science in general, so it
must be honest, trustworthy. There is a competition going on among the academia
that every researcher wants to have their paper to be published in credible
journals. This source of stress is further combined with deadlines resulting in
rise of the plagiarism rate 3.

Writing
a scientific paper requires acquiring literature in order to reinforce the
current study. It is almost inevitable to gather information from previous
published sources and it must be done according to rules without getting
trapped of copying them. Even though internet makes our lives easier, it is
even more likely to reach information online and copy-paste it. Furthermore, academic
people, Ms. or PhD. students, even professors are penalized due to plagiarism by
sanctions starting from banishment from academic life to losing the all
credibility that they have 4.
Based on the purpose, plagiarism could occur as unintentionally or
deliberately. Accidental plagiarism could happen to anyone who is
inexperienced. It is mainly caused not knowing the extent of how much data can
be taken from other studies appropriately. On the other hand, using the large parts
of other research and intentionally showing as if it is their own is considered
as deliberate plagiarism. It must be here noted that there is no legal
difference between the accidental and deliberate plagiarism 3. Therefore, researcher should take
the all responsibility and check the suitability of his/her work and citations before
publishing anywhere.

There
are many forms of plagiarism according to Mohammed Rabab ‘s paper 3. These are plagiarism of ideas,
plagiarism of text, self-plagiarism, collusion and patchwriting. Plagiarism of
ideas when writer tries to conduct a research on a topic that could possibly
learnt from other researcher’s work, for instance, a presentation or a proposal.
Besides it is hard to prove this type of plagiarism since there is no solid output
stolen.  Self-plagiarism is one of the
forms where author uses the same information in two different publications
without mentioning these publications together. Text plagiarism is the most
encountered form of plagiarism. The reason of it is that research copies the
study from another source without appropriately using citation as explained
previously. Collusion is about using somebody else’s (experts or companies) work
with permission as if it’s their own work in exchange of money or interest. Finally,
patchwriting is a form where researcher changes couple of parts from another
work so it would look like as if it is original one. The significant point here
is that paraphrasing with suitable citation (as done in this paragraph from
Rabab’s paper) is allowed while patchwriting is never allowed.  It does not matter which type of plagiarism
the researcher attempts, it will be punished according to the degree of plagiarism.

All researchers
need to check their studies before publication in order to prevent accidental
plagiarism explained above. There are many plagiarism detection tool online can
be used even without a fee. Some of the plagiarism detection tools are Cross
CheckTM, eTBLAST, Turnitin and SafeAssign 1.

Several
precautions can be taken to reach plagiarism-free content. It is not only
because it violates ethical and legal principles, it is also prevents new
scientific discoveries and creativity. Thus, there are several things to do in
order to prevent plagiarism in scientific content. Firstly, it is the
responsibility of everybody in the scientific community to use citation
whenever a piece of information is used from another source. The difference
between paraphrasing and quoting should be clearly pointed out. Even if the
author is using an information from his/her previous works, it is still should
be cited clearly. Researcher should allocate his or her time adequately so that
he/she will have complete comprehension of the topic since time pressure is a driving
factor for a researcher. Authors have tendency towards plagiarism and may
ignore minor plagiarisms due to time restrictions. There are also obligations
for the academic or private institutions that their researchers are well
informed about the seriousness of plagiarism by organizing sessions or
presentations for the sake of researchers. After all, final task is to check
the publication using plagiarism software to assess the uniqueness of the work.

All in
all, the key to publish a qualified scientific work, author needs to be honest
and take the responsibility of the work, while putting effort to using his/her
words throughout the paper and making citations, paraphrasing appropriately. Credibility
and honesty are the two principles that should be followed in any scientific
work, while violation of them creates an insecure environment, so lack of confidence
preventing scientific advancements. The rise in the rate of plagiarism could be
avoided before it constitutes more serious matter in academia. Precautions must
be taken by both individuals and institutions by organizing information
sessions to raise awareness about consequences of plagiarism and encourage
researchers to use plagiarism detection software. Plagiarism at the end could result
in loss of academic degree and credibility if it is not handled carefully.