PEACE AND CONFLICTMEMBERS:DakshMishankKrittikaSiddhiMeetTOPICS:Combating discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity.Comprehensive measure to tackle nuclear proliferation in North KoreaProtecting the right of indigenous societiesPrevention of crime and treatment of youth offenders in the Middle EastArab Uprising – Libyan UprisingSyrian Civil WarLibyan Uprising0. Background – SIDDHIIdentification: LocationStatistics2. Causes – MISHANK3. Effects – DAKSH4. Impacts (scale of impact) – KRITTIKA5. Solutions – 6. Parallels/Contemporary – 7. How could it have been avoided – MEET–x–x–x–x–x–x–x–x–x–x–x–Lhttps://www.britannica.com/event/Libya-Revolt-of-2011? BACKGROUND:Libyan Civil War, also known as the Libyan Revolution or the 17 February Revolution was an armed conflict in 2011, in North African country of Libya. It was an uprising against the 4 decade rule of Muammar-al-Gaddafi. A conflict between the Government and the Citizens, while the human rights from the citizens were taken away. ? EFFECTS:Events After Gaddafi’s Death:Defense Minister: Osama al-JuwailiInterior Minister: Fawzi AbdelaliForeign Minister: Ashour Bin HayalFinance Minister: Hassan ZiglamJustice Minister: Ali Hameda Ashour Oil Minister: Abdulrahman Ben YezzaSecurity and Army:Proliferation of Weapons: On 31 October 2011, the United Nations Security Council expressed concern over the proliferation of weapons from Gaddafi’s stockpiles, worrying they could fall into the hands of al-Qaeda and other militant groups. Officials of the NTC said it was not clear how many weapons were still in circulation.Influence of IslamistsInfluence of Neighbor StatesPolitical Effects:Public Protests: On 21 January 2012, hundreds of protesters, including many young men wounded from the civil war, stormed the NTC’s headquarters in Benghazi, protesting the speed of reforms and lack of transparency from the interim government. When the head of the NTC, Mustafa Abdul Jalil, appeared to address the crowd, the protesters began throwing empty plastic bottles at him, prompting security forces to fire tear gas. Before storming the headquarters, protesters threw stones and metal bars at the building, breaking its windows. Jalil is believed to have been pulled to safety after he went back into the building.Islamic Movement: Ali al-Sallabi, a well-known Muslim cleric who played a key role in funneling arms from Qatar to the anti-Gaddafi fighters during the civil war, has announced the formation of a party with the provisional name National Gathering for Freedom, Justice and Development. According to Sallabi, the party is not Islamist, but respects the general principles of Islam and Libyan culture.Legislation: The National Transitional Council adopted laws in early May 2012 granting immunity to former rebel fighters for acts committed during the civil war, confiscating all former regime assets, criminalising “praising or glorifying” Muammar Gaddafi or his regime, and barring criticism of the revolution or the authority of the Libyan government.Foreign Relations: On 19 October 2011, the NTC became the first government in the world to recognize the Syrian National Council (SNC) as Syria’s “legitimate authority.” In November, the Libyan authorities met secretly with members of the SNC and offered them money, arms and, potentially, volunteer fighters for the insurgency against the Syrian government.Economic Effects:Oil: On 29 December 2011, Libya’s National Oil Corporation (NOC) announced that the country’s output of crude oil had risen to over 1 million barrels per day (bpd), compared to 1.6 million bpd before the uprising.Public Funds: At the beginning of the civil war, the UN Security Council froze an estimated $150 billion in foreign Libyan assets. By late November 2011, $18 billion had been released to the NTC by the council’s sanctions committee. $3 billion had been made available to the new Libyan government.? IMPACTS OF THE CONFLICT :Four years after the outbreak of the Libyan revolution, the outlook appears bleak. The reasons lie in the way in which the Gaddafi regime ended in October 2011. Libya now confronts a threefold crisis, partly because of the neglect of the situation there by the participants in NATO’s operations and by those states that sought regime change. There are now two governments opposed to each other; the crisis in security that lies behind this was a consequence of the collapse of the Libyan army and its replacement by local militias with local, rather than national, agendas; and the outcome of this has been the growth of extremism and instability that now threatens to affect the North African region and has drawn in neighbouring states to support their preferred clients. This chapter explores the causes and consequences of this complex situation.The Libyan Civil War has had a profound effect on the population in the country. Thousands have died from the fighting, either from direct attacks, or from conflict between different groups. In addition, poverty has risen greatly in the country, and necessities, such as food are hard to come by, along with the fact that prices are rising for these products. In addition, people have often had to wait hours for gasoline. Moreover, basic services such as trash collection are not functioning as they once were (Kirkpatrick, 2014).In addition, those who are not supporting a particular group face the threat of abuse. There have been many examples of individuals being caught in the conflict. For example, ISIS has captured many non-combatants, executing them because of their religion; they did this with Egyptian Christians who were in Libya trying to find employment in the country (Mullen, 2015).? SOLUTIONS OF THE CONFLICT : — How it could have been avoided. The Libyan civil war started because the rights of the people were taken away and so CAUSES Arbitrary Detention and Prisoner Releases-An estimated 213 prisoners who have served their sentences or been acquitted by Libyan courts remain imprisoned under Internal Security Agency orders.-March Libyan authorities released 214 prisoners, including 80 of a group of 330 detained despite the fact that courts had acquitted them and ordered their release.The 1996 Abu Salim Prison Massacre and Enforced Disappearances-The authorities have not made public any account of the June 1996 Abu Salim prison massacre in which 1,200 prisoners were killedFreedom of Expression, Association, and AssemblyTreatment of ForeignersRights of the Amazigh MinorityWomen’s RightsKey International Actors.