OTTO WAGNER HISTORICAL
FACTS TO ADD FOR BIOGRAPHY SECTION:
as a teacher, Wagner soon broke with tradition by
insisting on function, material, and structure as the bases of architectural
– was an Austrian
– he started designing
his first buildings in the historicist style. In the mid- and late-1880s, like
many of his contemporaries in Germany (such as Constantin
Streiter and Georg
Heuser), Switzerland (Hans Auer and Alfred
Friedrich Bluntschli) and France (Paul Sédille), Wagner became a proponent of Architectural Realism.
-. Wagner was very interested
in urban planning — in 1890 he designed a new city plan for Vienna, but
only his urban rail network, the Stadtbahn, was built. (shows that he was always looking to the future
and wanted to change everything for the better)
-His style incorporated the
use of new materials and new forms to reflect the fact that society itself was
changing. In his textbook, he stated that “new human tasks and views
called for a change or reconstitution of existing forms”. (shows his
vision of modernism)
– He writes in his book that “Each new style gradually
emerged from the earlier one when new methods of construction new material new
human task and viewpoints demanded a change or reconstitution of existing
He writes that great social changes have always given birth
to new styles while earth shaking events that raged through a country kept art
Epoch – a period of time in history or a person’s life,
typically one marked by notable events or particular characteristics.
-Give historical background to the house as well because it
is his second and he built it for his second wife.
Wagner’s architecture was a
cross between traditional styles and Art Nouveau (or Jugendstil, as it
was called in Austria).
FACTS ABOUT SECESSION
IN THE CREATIVE WORLD
– MENTION WHAT IT IS AND HOW IT INFLUENCED THE CHANGE OF THE
TIME AND ART.
– Also known as the union of Austrian artists or vereinigung
– formed in april 3 1897 by group of Austrian artists who
had resigned from the association of Austrian artistsin the Vienna
– This movement included
painters, sculptors, and architects. The first president of the Secession
was Gustav Klimt,
Although Otto Wagner is widely recognised as an important member of the
Vienna Secession he was not a founding member.
– these artists opposed the ideas of thinking traditionally
and towards historicism They left because they didn’t want to limited in their
“Der Zeit ihre Kunst.
Der Kunst ihre Freiheit.” (“To every age its art. To every art its
freedom.”). was written above the entrance to the secession building
Secession artists were
concerned, above all else, with exploring the possibilities of art outside the
confines of academic tradition
SPEAK ABOUT THE
BUILDING AT LENGTH TYING IT TO ANYTHING YOU CAN POSSIBLY IMAGINE BECAUSE IT IS
ALL OPINION PRETTY MUCH.
– The second Wagner villa which was built next door to the
first one was made for his second wife who Wagner believed would be a widow
because he was much older than she was but she ended up dying before him.
The house was made from concrete and steel which was a major
component of the modern movement. Incorporation of industrial material because
of the industrialization relative to that time.
The concrete was put on display on purpose and was not
hidden to emphasize the ideology behind it.
This house was built in a very simple fashion with a very
cubic form with very little ornamentation.
Industrialization and what was happening then.
– The foreign cornice that lines the flat roof
Stained glass painting above door which was done by Koloman
moser and was an actual painting by klimt showed the classism aspect and art
nouveaux style by incorporating greek mythology and stained glass together.
Huge difference in design compared to first one. He had
transitioned from a more classic architectural style to the modern simple style
The entire house serves as a symbol for Wagner that
represents the transition of the past styles into the future of his modernism
Building was built in 1913
Blue rectangular shapes on sides and frames of door were
meant to act as columns representing the classical style but with actually
1896 manifesto Modern Architecture,
Wagner expressed his ideal of practical and efficiently designed architecture.
The purpose of beauty, he argued, was to give artistic expression to function.
Extraneous ornament, therefore, was not only impractical and inefficient
industrialized and rapidly growing society of late-nineteenth- and
early-twentieth century Austria, and by Wagner’s light, was categorically
distinguished from the “costumes” of past generations. “It is simply an
artistic absurdity,” he believed, for a man to spend his “life in interiors
executed in the styles of past centuries.” He says these things in his
book modern architecture.
The purpose of these materials was to give artistic beauty
to functionality and aspects of building that did not seem beautiful just by
themselves were made beautiful by the ideas behind the materials used to make
-AFTER SPEAKING ABOUT
BUILDING TIE IT ALL TOGETHER TO THE TIME AND WAGNERS VISION AND HIS BELIEF
ABOUT THE FUTURE OF ARCHITECTURE.