On February 1, 1519 the Spanish were able to conquer the Aztec. Ways the the Spanish were able to conquer the Aztecs is with improved technology, new diseases, and the Spanish’s advanced military. These advantages that the Spanish had ultimately led to the fall of the Aztecs. A cultural advantage of the Spanish had were types of weapons and armor that were used to fight the Aztec. The Spanish used were lances and swords made of steel. The Aztec also had weapons that were similar to swords, but where the Spanish’s swords were made of steel, the Aztecs swords called Macuahuitl, were made of with wood that had obsidian protruding from each side. The steel swords that the Spanish used was a huge advantage over the Aztec when there was hand to hand combat. The steel swords were much much stronger and durable than the Macuahuitl the Aztec used. A misconception many have about the battle of the Aztec and Spanish is that the firearms the Spanish had was the biggest reason why the Aztecs fell. While the Harquebus, firearm, was good for terrorizing the natives, it was ineffective during war do to its weight and time it took to load. One other technology that helped the Spanish defeat the Aztec is the the armor they used. The armor consisted of of a thick breastplate, arm and leg greaves, a metal skirt, and to top it off a gorget for the protection of the throat and neck (ThoughtCo). Though the Aztec had padded armor and wooden or bronze shields, it was nowhere near as strong as the armor of the Spanish. An Aztec warrior with a macuahuitl, a stone club or a bronze mace was no match against Spanish warrior combined with a steel sword and steel armor. One of the main reasons the the Spanish were able to defeat the Aztec is because of a psychological conflict they brought to the Aztec. The Spanish came to Mexico and while traveling there, one of Cortes’s men contracted smallpox. The soldier that contracted smallpox then died in the war (not from smallpox), and his body was looted by the people of the Tenochtitlan. This caused one of the Aztec to contract smallpox. From there on the disease spread to the other Aztecs rapidly, killing more than 3 million Aztec (LiveScience). This gave the Spanish an advantage because while the Aztec were severely affected by it, the Spanish had built an immunity to the disease and were much more healthy. Not only did the disease weaken the Aztecs health but also their trust in their leader Montezuma. The Aztec blamed the leader for bringing smallpox to them. They believed that he should have sent the Spanish away while they could, instead of trusting them. With weakened health and distrust in their leader the Spanish were able to easily cut down the Aztec. Another away the Spanish were able to defeat the Aztec is a sociological one. The Spanish military was much more advanced than the Aztecs. When the Spanish first arrived Cortes and his men were vastly outnumbered. Cortes knew that fighting with 600 men would be suicide so he started to recruit men from Europe that were willing to fight with him. By recruiting Cortes was able to create an army of 200,000 men (TheHistoryJunkie). The amount of men recruited not only affected the war between the Spanish and Aztec, but also the type of men recruited. The Spanish and European warriors were highly trained from the recent wars, such as the fall of Rome. They showed no mercy when it came to killing whereas the Aztec based war off beliefs and would try to capture the men so they could sacrifice them later to the gods. One of the biggest military advantages that the Spanish had were the use of horses. Horses allowed the Spanish to move from one place to another and send new information quickly. Which meant the Spanish could advance quickly or retreat quickly. The Aztec had never seen an animal being rode, so when they seen a man on top of an animal they were in shock, which worked to the Spanish’s advantage (PBS). Current issues we have now are usually solved by trade or a compromise,war being the last resort. Trade is a much better technique than what the Spanish did because trading with other countries makes it so that each country happy. One trade the U.S does is with Africa. The U.S gives them clean water and help and in return they buy products from the U.S because they look at the U.S as an ally and they want to return the favor. This is a win-win because the US is making a profit and Africa is receiving fresh drinking water. Whereas the Spanish went in and their only mindset was to take over the Aztecs territory. If the Spanish would have tried to compromise with the Aztec there wouldn’t had been as much death and it would have been easier for the Spanish to achieve their overall goal of gaining power.