Medical research that saved millions of lives, fierce battling for the country’s freedom, Canada’s very own, Frederick G. Banting. Frederick G. Banting is a world renowned Canadian physician, medical scientist, and painter. Banting was a part of many medical research groups throughout his years in the medical field. “During the first couple of years at school… I used to take my lunch and go down by the old fairgrounds & sit alone by the side of the road & eat it… Those lovely, lonely lunches stick deep in my memory as unhappy times.” This is a quote from Banting about his childhood memories. Many say he was very advanced and found school too easy, which he was ridiculed for. People around the world refer to him as a hero because of his medical research, which saved millions of lives and is still in effect to this day. Frederick Banting was a Canadian medical scientist, his biggest accomplishment in his field was the discovery of insulin, but also served in World War I and II. Throughout his life Frederick Banting contributed many knowledgeable concepts to future Canadian students within the medical field. Frederick Banting was born November 14, 1891 in Alliston, Ontario. He attended the University of Toronto, from 1910 to 1922, originally to study divinity, but after failing his first year he transferred into medicine. Banting was primarily interested in orthopaedics, studying the musculoskeletal system for the better part of 1919. He was a resident surgeon at the Children’s Hospital in Toronto during 1920. In 1921 Frederick took up a part time position as a Professor, teaching orthopaedics, at the University of Western Ontario, in London. The next year, Banting was a lecturer in Pharmacology, was awarded his M.D. degree, and was appointed Senior Demonstrator of Medicine, all at his alma mater, the University of Toronto. Shortly after leaving his position as a professor he was appointed the Consulting Physician to the Toronto General Hospital, Children’s Hospital in Toronto, and the Toronto Western Hospital. After his major discovery in the mid 1920’s, Banting continued researching diseases such as silicosis and cancer. Known worldwide for his astounding medical endeavours, he was appointed a member of various medical academies and societies in Canada and abroad, including the British and American Physiological Societies, and the American Pharmacological Society. Frederick Banting was an esteemed physician as well as medical researcher and developer. Banting’s major medical breakthrough was the discovery of insulin, which saved millions of lives around the world. Insulin is used to regulate the blood sugar levels in people with diabetes, “Insulin is not a cure for diabetes; it is a treatment. It enables the diabetic to burn sufficient carbohydrates so that proteins and fats may be added to the diet in sufficient quantities to provide energy for the burdens of life.” Diabetes is a disease in which one’s body is unable to metabolize sugar correctly, resulting in abnormal metabolism of carbohydrates and elevated levels of glucose in the blood. The disease is caused by a lack of a protein hormone produced by the islets in the pancreas or the complete shutdown of one’s pancreatic system, “Diabetes mellitus is due to a deficiency of the internal secretion of the pancreas. The main principle of treatment is, therefore, to correct this deficiency.” Doctor Banting discovered insulin along with his research partner, Charles Best, in the early 1920’s . Banting and Best suspected that the pancreas in diabetics created trypsin, a hormone which broke down the insulin produced. They first started experimenting on dogs, in 1921 in John Macleod’s laboratory, treating the dogs so that they would no longer produce trypsin, insulin could then be extracted from the pancreas and used to treat diabetes. “Best and i worked in the sub-basement of the old medical building day and night. Time, meals, sleep- all were of secondary consideration. We had to get insulin into a form that was refined enough for continued clinical use.” Assisted by Doctor James Collip, the insulin was refined and produced for human clinical trials, which proved immediately successful. Banting sold the patent rights for insulin to the University of Toronto for one dollar, exclaiming that the discovery belonged to the world, not to him. His work earned him many awards, such as the Flavelle Medal, John Scott Legacy Medal, and a Nobel Prize in Physiology of Medicine. Frederick Banting is the youngest Nobel Laureate in Physiology of Medicine to date. The Banting and Best Department of Medical Research was built during 1930, in the honour of Frederick Banting and his partner’s research. In 1934 Banting was knighted by King George V and was among the last group of Canadians to ever be honoured with this title. Although his work in the medical field is what brought him to fame, Banting has various other contributions to Canadian history. Besides being a medical marvel, Banting was also an acclaimed artist, a World War I veteran, and a liaison officer during World War II. Banting painted to escape the stress of the medical profession. He travelled Canada with Group of Seven painter, A.Y. Jackson painting the Canadian rockies and northern landscape. Frederick Banting is one of Canada’s most well recognized amatuer artists, his works are now highly collectable. He reported for duty to the Canadian Army Medical Service in 1916, and fought in World War I. September 28, 1918, outside of Haynecourt, France, under intense enemy fire and suffering from a severed interosseous artery in his right arm, Captain Banting refused to be sent to the rear medical tent, and continued battling for seventeen hours. He was awarded the Military Cross for distinguished and meritorious services in time of war, and is an admirable Canadian war hero. In 1938, during World War II, Banting began working for the National Research Council to help improve aviation medicine, such as the creation of anti-gravity suits, oxygen masks, and treatments for mustard gas. Anti-gravity suits were specialized outfits worn by pilots during to prevent blood from pooling in the lower body, which caused pilots to blackout mid flight, this technology gave the British Air Force an advantage during World War II. In 1941 Banting boarded a plane to Britain along with his medical research to ensure that it remained confidential, until it was delivered to the British Army. Shortly after the departure from Gander, Newfoundland both engines of the plane failed causing a fatal crash into the Seven Mile Pond, only the pilot survived. Frederick Banting died serving his country, on February 21, 1941. Banting’s childhood home, a farm in Alliston, Ontario, has been converted to The Banting Homestead Heritage Park and the crash site, where Banting took his final breath, now forms part of Banting Memorial Park.Frederick Banting was dedicated to the medical sciences, he was best known for the discovery and production of insulin, but he is also a Canadian war hero. Throughout his life, Banting immersed himself into the medical field, studying and teaching in the Ontario area. Together, Frederick Banting and Charles Best produced insulin as a treatment for diabetics, which allows them to live a close to normal life. Despite the fact that Banting and his partner discovered insulin over ninety years ago, it is still the most effective method of treatment today. Banting was also a veteran, he fought in World War I and served as a medical researcher in World War II. Frederick G. Banting is an important figure within Canada’s history, his major medical breakthrough and participation with the British Army brought much recognition to Canadian universities.