In of in-groups over out-groups. Previous research has

In the research carried out by Buttelmann, Zmyj, Daum, & Carpenter, M. (2013) focused on finding the differences between infants selective imitation of in-groups over out-groups. Previous research has produced findings on infants being more likely to interact with members of the in-group over individuals in the out-group. Research has also shown that kids have a higher tendency of being less or more automatic to see actions from adults as culturally or causally relevant. Thus leading the kids to copy and learn from actions from adults when performing a different task. The questions the researchers are asking if infants have a particular method of observing and learning from individuals in their group, and if infants adopt other individuals preferences or attitude about things.        Methods. The research was carried out by using an in-between study. The participants that were slivered were sixty-six 24-month old infants form a city in Germany. The researchers recruited the participants by having their parents agree or disagree with their involvement in this study regarding cognitive development. Once the parents agreed with their participation, they were given a location and time for the study. The materials involved in this study were two task; the imitation task and the head touch task were used to measure the imitation scores. Moreover, some objects such as a lamp, a pink cylinder, a yellow octagonal box, a green elliptical box, and a blue cone were also involved. The procedure was escorting the parents into a waiting room. Once the researchers were ready, they called in the parents and their infants to commence the study. The study starts off by having the infants watch a short familiarization video. After the film, the participants were given a task to interact with the objects seen in the video.        Results. From what we learned in this study was that there is a substantial difference between the infant’s interaction with the in-group and out-group. From the imitation task, all infants involved were successful in turning on the lamp,  by using the model’s unusual action than using their hands. In the preference task, the infants choice of the similar object the model picked did not differ between the conditions.         Conclusion. The limitations of this study were the having limited resources of the levels of understanding the participants have in them. One way further research could improve on this restriction is by having the infant. Further research should also include a minimal group where language, familiarity, and other factors are controlled in the in-groups and out groups. Overall, we can conclude that infants, by the age of 14 months, us a models group relevant similarities to help guide them in their imitative response. Also, infants have been scientifically proven to acquire the specifics and similarities of their cultural group by social learning.