Florence NightingaleSpecific purpose: To entertain and inspire my audience by honoring this female trailblazer and founder of modern nursing.Central idea: Nurse Florence Nightingale sparked worldwide health reform and greatly affected policies for proper care of patients.IntroductionDuring my nursing education I learned about an amazing person who reformed management of patients and hospitals, inspired a new generation of nurses, and frankly, the fact that we have the nursing profession today is largely in part due to this person. Florence Nightingale. She set the stage for proper care of the patient and hospital. The fact that this was all done by a woman in the mid-19th century is amazing, it would be difficult even today to accomplish it. Florence Nightingale is the epitome of what a nurse should be. She showed warmth, concern for others and the courage to do what she believed was her divine purpose.BodyFlorence Nightingale was born May 12th, 1820 to a wealthy family. She was active in philanthropy tending to the ill and poor in the villages near her. She didn’t long for the traditional female role of home management. When she approached her parents with her wishes to become a nurse, they weren’t pleased and forbade her to pursue training. During the Victorian Era, women of her social standing were expected to marry, be a hostess and maintain a lovely home. Despite her parents’ objections, she did enroll as a nursing student in 1850 and ’51 at the Institution of Protestant Deaconesses in Germany. She then returned to London where she took a nursing job in a hospital there. She so impressed the employer there that she was promoted to superintendent. During this time, she also volunteered at another hospital that was struggling with an outbreak of cholera and unsanitary conditions causing the rapid spread of it. She made it her mission to improve hygiene practices and significantly lowered the death rate. Late in 1853 the Crimean War broke out. Brittish and French forces were at war with the Russian empire. After a particular battle, England was in an uproar about the neglect of their soldiers who were ill and injured. Florence Nightingale received a letter from the secretary of war asking her to gather nursing corp to tend to the ill and injured soldiers. When they arrived at the hospital the conditions were deplorable. Patients were laying in their excrement, bugs, and rats were running around the patients. Even the basic supplies were scarce due to the number of patients. She quickly set to work. She enlisted the help of patients who weren’t very ill to scrub the hospital from top to bottom. She spent every waking moment caring for the soldiers. While doing her rounds at night she would carry a lamp, earning her the nickname “the lady with the lamp.” The death rate was reduced there by 2/3’s. She also established a kitchen and laundry to make sure they had proper nutrition and clean linens. When she returned to London after the conflict was over, she was met with a hero’s welcome. She was awarded $250,00 and the “Nightingale jewel.” She used this money to establish a hospital and within it the Nightingale Training School for Nurses. Thanks to her, nursing was no longer a profession that was frowned upon. Even women from wealthy upper classes started enrolling at the training school. During her service in the Crimean War, she contracted “Crimean Fever” and never fully recovered. She was frequently bed ridden and homebound. But this didn’t stop her! She continued to work from bedside to improve healthcare and alleviate patients suffering. She was an authority and advocate of health care reform. Also, during the U.S. civil war she was consulted on how to manage the field hospitals. In 1907, she was conferred the Order of Merit by King Edward and received the Freedom of the City of London, becoming the first woman to receive the honor. ConclusionThrough warmth, concern for others and the courage of conviction to carry out my life and profession with honor and compassion. This is what Florence Nightingale has done for me. There are many times when I wonder, “why did I get into nursing?.” My answer sits waiting for me at home when I look at the lamp I received upon graduating from nursing school. Modern nursing owes much to her. With constant changes happening in healthcare, her influence is constantly there, “the very first requirement in a hospital is that it should do the sick no harm. – Florence Nightingale” (Team, 2017).ReferencesBiography.com. (2017). Florence Nightingale. online Available at: http://www.biography.com/people/florence-nightingale-9423539 Accessed 2 Dec. 2017.Collection.nam.ac.uk. (2017). Gold enamelled brooch, presented to Florence Nightingale by Queen Victoria, 1855 | Online Collection | National Army Museum, London. online Available at: https://collection.nam.ac.uk/detail.php?acc=1963-10-280-1 Accessed 2 Dec. 2017.Encyclopedia Britannica. (2017). Florence Nightingale | Biography & Facts. online Available at: http://www.britannica.com/biography/Florence-Nightingale Accessed 2 Dec. 2017.Team, E. (2017). 50 Florence Nightingale quotes on Life, Communication, and Nursing. online Everyday Power Blog. Available at: http://everydaypowerblog.com/2015/12/04/florence-nightingale-quotes/ Accessed 2 Dec. 2017.